Our Research

Our Research


A full list of our publications can be reviewed on Google Scholar and many articles and theses are archived on the Atrium. Contact us if you are interested in accessing our publications.

Recent Peer-Reviewed Articles


Mullally, K.*, McLachlan, K., Jewell, E., Viljoen, J., & Rudin, J. (2023). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder evidence in Canadian criminal cases: A case law review. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/law0000391

McLachlan, K., Minhas, M., Ritter, C.*, Kennedy, K., Joly, V., Faitakis, M.*, … & Pei, J. (2023). Latent classes of neurodevelopmental profiles and needs in children and adolescents with prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.15028


McLachlan, K., Dunleavy, B., & Grubb, M.* (2022). Towards effective identification of FASD: A topical review of considerations for enhancing evidence-based screening within an implementation science framework. Journal of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: 4 (SP1): e60-e69. https://doi.org/10.22374/jfasrp.v4iSP1.14 

Flannigan, K., Pei, J., McLachlan, K., Harding, K., Mela, M., Cook, J., Badry, D., & McFarlane, A. (2022). Responding to the unique complexities of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Frontiers in Psychology, 6712. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.778471

Gardiner, E., Hutchinson, S., McLachlan, K., Rasmussen, C., Pei, J., Mâsse, L., Oberlander, T. F., & Reynolds, J. N. (2022). Behavior regulation skills are associated with adaptive functioning in children and adolescents with prenatal alcohol exposure. Applied Neuropsychology: Child. 1-11. DOI: 10.1080/21622965.2021.1936528

Erb, S. R., Barata, P. C., Yi, S., McLachlan, K., & Powell, D. (2022). The shame and guilt distinction: Addressing the (mal) adaptive nature of guilt. Traumatology. https://doi.org/10.1037/trm0000388


Grubb, M.*, Golden, A.*, Withers, A.*, Vellone, D.*, & Young, A., & McLachlan, K. (2021). Screening approaches for identifying fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in children, adolescents and adults: A systematic review. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 45(8), 1527-1547. https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.14657

Flannigan, K., Wrath, A., Ritter, C.*, McLachlan, K., Harding, K. D., Campbell, C., Reid, D., & Pei, J. (2021). Balancing the story of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A narrative review of the literature on strengths. Alcoholism: Clinical and experimental research45(12), 2448-2464. https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.14733

Kapasi, A., Pei, J., Kryska, K., Joly, V., Gill, K., Thompson-Hodgetts, S., McLachlan, K., Andrew, G., & Rasmussen C. (2021). Exploring self-regulation strategy use in adolescents with FASD. Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention. https://doi.org/10.1080/19411243.2020.1822260


McLachlan, K. *Mullally, K., *Ritter, C., Pei, J., & Mela, M. (2020). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and neurodevelopmental disorders: An international practice survey of forensic mental health clinicians. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 20(2), 177-197. https://doi.org/10.1080/14999013.2020.1852342

McLachlan, K., Flannigan, K., Temple, V., Unsworth, K., & Cook, J. (2020). Difficulties in daily living experienced by adolescents, transition‐aged youth, and adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 44(8), 1609-1624. https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.14385

McLachlan, K., Amlung M., & Chaimowitz, G. A.(2020). Screening for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in forensic mental health settings. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 5, 643-666. https://doi.org/10.1080/14789949.2020.1781919

McLachlan, K., Zhou, D., Little, G., Rasmussen, C., Pei, J., Andrew, G., Reynolds, J., & Beaulieu, C. (2020). Current socioeconomic status correlates with brain volumes in healthy children and adolescents but not in children with prenatal alcohol exposure. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 14:223. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2020.00223

Mullally, K., & McLachlan, K, MacKillop, E., & Pei, J. (2020). Performance validity testing in justice-involved adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 26(7), 701-713. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1355617720000132


Vedelago, L., Amlung, M., Morris, V., Petker, T., Balodis, I., McLachlan, K., Mamak, M., Moulden, H., Chaimowitz, G. A., & MacKillop, J. (2019). Technological advances in the assessment of impulse control in offenders: A systematic review. Behavioral Sciences & the Law. Online first. https://doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2420

McLachlan, K., Vavasour, I., MacKay, A., Reynolds, J., Brain, U., Oberlander, T. F., Loock, C., & Beaulieu, C. (2019). Brain myelin water imaging of children with prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 43, 833-841. https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.14024

McLachlan, K., McNeil, A.*, Pei, J., Brain, U., Andrew, G., & Oberlander, T. F. (2019). Prevalence and characteristics of adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in corrections: A Canadian case ascertainment study. BMC Public Health, 19, 43-53. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6292-x

2018 and earlier

McLachlan, K., Gray, A.*, Roesch, R., Douglas, K., & Viljoen, J. (2018). An evaluation of the predictive validity of the SAVRY and YLS/CMI in justice-involved youth with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Psychological Assessment, 30, 1640-1651. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pas0000612

McLachlan, K., Paolozza, A.*, Kully-Martens, K*, Portales-Casamar, E., Pavlidis, P., Andrew, G., Hanlon-Dearman, A., Loock, C., McFarlane, A., Nikkel, S. M., Pei, Jacqueline, Oberlander, T., Samdup, D., Reynolds, J., & Rasmussen, C. (2017). Unpacking the heterogeneity of cognitive functioning in children and adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Determining the role of moderators and strengths. Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 4, 271-282. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41252-017-0034-4

Oberle, E., McLachlan, K., Catherine N. L., Brain, U., Schonert-Reichl, K., Weinberg, J., & Oberlander, T. F. (2017). Afternoon cortisol mediates the link between self-regulated anger and peer-reported aggression in the school context in typically developing children. Developmental Psychobiology, 59, 675-801. doi: 10.1002/dev.21522

McLachlan, K., Rasmussen, C., Oberlander, T., Loock, C., Reynolds, J., & Weinberg, J.  (2016). Dysregulation of the cortisol diurnal rhythm following prenatal alcohol exposure and early life adversity. Alcohol, 53, 9-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.alcohol.2016.03.003

McLachlan, K., Andrew, G., Pei, J., & Rasmussen, C. (2015). Assessing FASD in young children: Exploring clinical complexities and diagnostic challenges. Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology, 22, e108-e124.

McLachlan, K., Roesch, R., Viljoen, J. L., & Douglas, K. S. (2014). Evaluating the psycholegal abilities of young offenders with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Law and Human Behavior, 38, 10-22.  DOI: 10.1037/lhb0000037

Racine, E., Bell, E., Yan, A. Andrew, G., Bell, L., Clarke, M., Dubljevic, V., Goldowitz, D. Janvier, A., McLachlan, K., Muhajarine, N., Nicholas, D., Oskoui, M., Rasmussen, C., Rasmussen, L., Roberts, W., Shevell, M.,Wade, L., & Yager, J. Y. (2014). Ethical challenges of transition from pediatric to adult health care services for young adults with neurodevelopmental disabilities, Paediatrics & Child Health, 1, 65-68. doi: 10.1093/pch/19.2.65.

LaFrance, M.A., McLachlan, K., Nash, K., Andrew, G., Loock, C., Oberlander, T., Koren, G., & Rasmussen, C. (2014). Evaluation of the Neurobehavioral Screening Tool in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology, 21, e197-e210

Rogers, B. J.*, McLachlan, K., & Roesch, R. (2013). Resilience and enculturation among young offenders with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. First Peoples Child and Family Review, 8, 62-80.

McLachlan, K., Roesch, R., & Douglas, K. (2011). Examining the role of interrogative suggestibility in Miranda rights comprehension in adolescents. Law and Human Behavior, 35, 165–177. doi: 10.1007/s10979-009-9198-4

Viljoen, J., McLachlan, K., Wingrove, T., & Penner, E. (2010). Defense attorneys’ concerns about the legal capacities of juvenile defendants. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28, 630-646. doi: 10.1002/bsl.954

Viljoen, J., McLachlan, K., & Vincent, G. (2010). Assessing reoffense risk and psychopathy in juvenile and adult offenders: A survey of clinical practices. Assessment, 17, 377-395. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191109359587

LeBlanc, J., & McLachlan, K. (2010). Prevention of post-concussional syndrome in North American workers: The importance of early intervention. Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling, 16, 36-44.

Selected Book Chapters

McLachlan, K. (in press). Evaluating Competency in Defendants with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. In Natalie Novick Brown (Ed.), Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): A Guide for Forensic Mental Health Assessment.

Mullally*, K., Ritter*, C., & McLachlan, K. (in press). Neurodevelopmental Disabilities of Justice-Involved Youth. In Ronald Roesch (Ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Psychology in the Real World (Psychology and Law Volume).

McLachlan, K. (2019). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in the criminal justice system. In R. Morgan (Ed.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 523-525). SAGE Publications, Inc. https://www.doi.org/10.4135/9781483392240.n172

McLachlan, K. & Rasmussen, C. (2018). Understanding the neurobehavioural deficits and psycholegal capacities of individuals with FASD in the criminal justice system. In E. Jonsson (Ed.), Ethical and legal perspectives in FASD: Foundational issues.

McLachlan, K. (2017). Intellectual Disability in Forensic Mental Health. In R. Roesch & A. Cook (Eds.), Handbook of forensic mental health services (pp.344-368). Routledge, New York.


Constanzo, M., Krauss, D., Schuller, R., & McLachlan, K. (2014). Forensic and Legal Psychology: First Canadian Edition. Worth Publishers.

Roesch, R., & McLachlan, K. (Eds.) (2007). Psychology and law: Clinical forensic perspectives. Hampshire, UK: Ashgate.

Selected Media and Presentations

Copyright © 2022 Dr. Kaitlyn McLachlan. All Rights Reserved.